Labelling of goods
- Estonian food labels
- Labelling of clothes and textile products
- Labelling of footwear
- Labelling of cosmetic products
- Labelling of the packaging of chemicals
Always inspect the labelling of goods before purchasing and using the goods. The labelling on the packaging shall be visible, legible and undeletable, understandable to the consumer and unambiguous.
Labelling of food products
The labelling of food products shall include:
- trade name of the food product
- net weight
- the end date of consumption
- quality class
The packaging of goods shall also present the ingredients of the food product (incl. additives), land of origin, consumption instructions, name of the manufacturer or packager and storage conditions.
Estonian food labels
The right of use for the two labels can be applied for at the Estonian Chamber of Agriculture and Commerce.
The origin label Tunnustatud Eesti Maitse (“Recognised Estonian Taste”), or the label with a swallow on it, is granted to goods, the primary base product of which is 100% Estonian.
The quality label Tunnustatud Maitse (“Recognised Taste”), or the label with a clover on it, is granted to foodstuffs produced in the European Union. The origin of the used base product is not important when it comes to the clover label.
The winner of the annual food competition organised by the Estonian Food Industry Association may use the label Eesti Parim Toiduaine (“Estonian Best Food Product”). The product is prepared in an enterprise operating in Estonia and launched on the market within a year.
The label Eestis Kasvatatud (“Grown in Estonia”) granted by the Estonian Horticultural Association to signify domesticity and quality can be used by Estonian producers on the sales packaging of fresh (unprocessed) horticultural products (vegetables, potatoes, fruit, berries, mushrooms) and flowers or on the name tags of sets in plant nurseries, as well as on means of transport.
Organic food, or ecofood, is labelled with the organic logo of the European Union, which is obligatory for all organic products. In addition, the producers may, but are not required to, use the Estonian ecolabel. The label shows that the product is organic and that no artificial mineral fertilisers, plant protection products, genetically modified plant ingredients, synthetic preservatives, or food colouring have been used in the making of the product.
Labelling of clothes and textile products
The labelling of clothes and textile products shall include:
- the trade name of the goods, if the lack of this information could mislead the consumer;
- the clothing size of the garment;
- the fibre content of the product (except for items made of fur and leather);
- instructions for maintaining the product.
Labelling of footwear
The labelling of footwear shall include information on three parts of the footwear:
- lining and insole
The information about the materials used in the main parts of footwear shall be displayed at least on one shoe of each pair of footwear, or with one shoe in the form of either pictograms or written notes given in Estonian, and they can be printed, glued or pressed to the shoe or provided on a label attached to the shoe. Information in Estonian shall be added to footwear that is imported or has a label in a foreign language. The seller shall be obligated to give the consumer additional information on the characteristics of the footwear offered or sold, the maintenance thereof, the meaning of the pictograms used on the labelling, on the sizing system etc.
Labelling of cosmetic products
The packaging of cosmetic products or a single item thereof shall also include the end date of the minimum shelf life of the product or a reference to the location of such information on the packaging. The end date of minimum shelf life shall follow the words “best before” by indicating the month and year or the date, month and year in the order specified.
In addition, if necessary, the packaging or item shall include storage conditions that need to be met in order to ensure the preservation of the product until the time specified. The end date of the minimum shelf life shall not be marked if the minimum shelf life is longer than 30 months. Generally, the period during which the consumer is able to use the cosmetic product safely after opening the product packaging shall be indicated on the packaging of such products. The relevant information shall be presented with the symbol of a cream jar; the period of safe use in months shall be marked inside the jar or in the close proximity thereof. The amount of months shall be given in numbers, followed by the letter “M”.
It is not required to present the time period of safe use indicated by the symbol of an open cream jar on the packaging, if:
- the product is used once, immediately after opening the product packaging (product samples etc.);
- the product packaging is not opened during use and the product does not come into contact with external environment;
- the product does not deteriorate after the product packaging is opened and there is no danger of the product posing a health hazard in case of long-term use.
Labelling of the packaging of chemicals
The packaging of chemicals must be durable and ensure the safe handling of the chemical. Do not use chemicals, the packaging of which has no information on it or is worn out.
The following information must be clearly legible on the packaging of dangerous chemicals:
- trade name of the chemical, names of the ingredients
- name and address of the enterprise manufacturing or importing the chemical
- danger symbol
- description of the danger
- safety requirements
- quantity of the chemical.
The label must be in Estonian directly on the packaging or separately. It must be durable and clearly legible. The consumer is entitled to ask the retailer for more information about the product they wish to buy.