Determination of the degree of severity of disability

Disability is the loss of or an abnormality in an anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person which in conjunction with different relational and environmental restrictions prevents participation in social life on equal bases with the others. Examination for determining a disability shall be carried out by the Social Insurance Board with the help of medical experts.

There are three degrees of severity of disability: profound, severe and moderate disability.

For a child (up to 16 years of age) and a person of pensionable age, the degree of severity of disability shall be determined based on the need for personal assistance, guidance and supervision and as follows:

  • profound disability, if a person needs constant personal assistance, guidance or supervision twenty-four hours a day;
  • severe disability, if a person needs personal assistance, guidance or supervision in every twenty-four hour period;
  • moderate disability, if a person needs regular personal assistance or guidance outside their residence at least once a week.

For a child, the degree of severity of disability shall be determined for a term of 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years, but not for longer than until attaining 16 years of age.

In certain cases, a personal rehabilitation plan shall be prepared for a child in the rehabilitation institution on the basis of the instructions of the Social Insurance Board prior to determining disability. The plan shall be prepared for: 1) a child applying for a degree of severity of a disability for the first time; 2) a child re-applying for a degree of severity of a disability if this is necessary for determination of a degree of severity of a disability.

For a person of pensionable age, the degree of severity of disability shall be determined for a term of 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years.

For a person of working age (a person of 16 years of age until attaining the pensionable age), the degree of severity of disability shall be determined based on restrictions on participation in daily activity and social life as follows:

  • profound disability, if a person’s daily activity or participation in social life is entirely restricted;
  • severe disability, if a person’s daily activity or participation in social life is restricted;
  • moderate disability, if a person has difficulties in their daily activity or participation in social life.

For determining the degree of severity of disability and additional expenses arising from the disability, a person has to submit a application for examination. NB! All official forms are in Estonian.

The application may be submitted:

  • at the customer service office of the Social Insurance Board (the application may be filled in on site as well)
  • by e-mail, if digitally signed, to info@sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee
  • by regular mail to address Endla 8, Tallinn 15092.

Read more about the degree of severity of disability and applying for benefits and services from the website of the Social Insurance Board.

Last amended: 20-03-2017 00:00 | Compiled by: Social Insurance Board