- What is an occupational accident
- How should an employer react in the event of an occupational accident
- Investigation of an occupational accident
If an occupational accident takes place in your enterprise, you as an employer have a number of obligations concerning the notification about and investigation of the occupational accident.
An occupational accident is the health damage or death of an employee which occurred while performing the work task given by an employer or any other work performed on the authorisation of the employer, during the break included in the working time or other time when acting for the benefit of the employer, and which has a cause-and-effect relationship with the employer or the working environment.
By the degree of severity, an occupational accident shall be classified as a mild or severe occupational accident or an occupational accident leading to death. An occupational accident shall be considered to be severe if it caused severe health damage or a life-threatening condition to an employee.
You shall be required to notify the local authority of the Labour Inspectorate of an occupational accident immediately after receiving a notice from the doctor, by submitting the following data:
- given name, surname and the phone number of an employee;
- place, date and time of occupational accident;
- short description of the event;
- name and address of employer;
- given and surname, official title and phone number of the person sending a notice.
If an occupational accident leads to death or a visibly severe injury, inform the local authority of the Labour Inspectorate immediately of the abovementioned data by phone and, for an occupational accident that led to death, also inform the police.
As an employer, you are obligated to investigate all occupational accidents by involving a working environment representative or, in his/her absence, the representative of employees.
The investigation of an occupational accident shall be carried out within 10 working days after the occurrence of the occupational accident. The investigation shall end with the preparation of a report.
You shall be required to prepare the report in three copies, one of which shall be kept by you, and submit the other two to the local authority of the Labour Inspectorate and the injured party or the person protecting his/her rights within 3 working days from the completion of the investigation of an occupational accident.
If it appears during the investigation that it is not an occupational investigation, terminate the investigation and prepare a free-form document describing the circumstances of the accident and indicating the reason for the termination of the investigation. The document shall be signed by the representative of the employer and the working environment representative, or in his/her absence, the representative of the employees.
Similarly to the report, the document shall be prepared in three copies, one of which shall be kept by you as an employer; submit the other two to the local authority of the Labour Inspectorate and the injured party or the person protecting his/her rights within 3 working days from the completion of the investigation of an occupational accident.
An occupational accident shall be registered and the relevant data shall be submitted to the working environment specialist, the working environment representative, representative of the employees and the working environment council.
Storage of investigation results
The documents collected and prepared in the course of the investigation of an occupational accident shall be executed as an investigation file of the occupational accident. The data of the investigation of an occupational accident shall be kept for 55 years.
Preventive action after an occupational accident
Based on the investigation results, you shall be required to plan and implement measures for preventing the reoccurrence of a similar occupational accident.