Parental leave and child care allowance

A mother or father has the right to parental leave until their child reaches the age of three years. If a parent has been deprived of parental rights or if their child lives in a social welfare institution, the parent does not have the right to parental leave.

Instead of the parent, someone else may use the parental leave – they have the right to receive child care allowance of 38.36 euros per child per month, but the total must not exceed 115.08 euros per month.

Parental leave may be used in one part, or the parent may work for a while and then restart child care leave until the child reaches the age of three years. Parental leave is generally used after pregnancy and maternity leave. Persons who have the right to parental leave can change upon agreement who will use the child care leave. Parental leave can be finalised with the employer.

Initially, parental benefit is paid to the parent taking care of the child. After the parental benefit period ends, they will be paid child care allowance. The state shall pay social tax for the recipient of child care allowance, meaning that during the period of receiving child care allowance, the parent has health insurance.

Even though the right to child care allowance will arise after the parental benefit period has ended, all benefits related to the birth of a child, including child care allowance, can be applied for with the first application. This way, the Social Insurance Board can start paying child care allowance automatically. Child care allowance and all benefits related to the birth of a child can be applied for with the e-service Application for parental benefit, family allowances and additional contributions to the pension system.

Amount of the benefit

Child care allowance is a monthly benefit, which is paid:

  • to one parent or a person using child care leave instead of the parent raising a child under 3 years of age: 38.36 euros per month per each child under 3 years of age
  • to one parent in a family with a child up to 3 years of age and more children aged 3–8: 19.18 euros per month per each child aged 3–8
  • to one parent in a family which has three or more children at least 3 years of age receiving child allowance: 19.18 euros per month per each child aged 3–8.

If a child described under bullets 2 and 3 starts school and turns 8 years old during that academic year, child care allowance will be paid for that child until the end of the academic year.

Child care allowance will not be paid for a child if maternity or adoption benefit is paid in connection with the birth or adoption of that child. Child care allowance will not be paid for any children while the parent is paid a parental benefit.

If you have any questions, call the information line of the Social Insurance Board at 16106 or (+372) 612 1360 or write an e-mail to info@sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee.

Last amended: 23-01-2018 00:00 | Compiled by: Social Insurance Board