Paternal leave

A father has the right to receive a total of ten working days of paternity leave within two months prior to the expected due date as determined by a doctor or midwife, and within two months of the birth of the child. The paternal leave can only be used on workdays.

The use of paternal leave does not depend on whether or not the mother uses maternity leave. When it comes to paternity leave, it does not matter whether the mother of the child is an unemployed person, a public servant, an employee, or some other legal relationship. It is also not important whether the child’s father is married to the child’s mother.

The applicant for the leave must inform the employer and write an application for receiving paternity leave.

  • When using the paternal leave before the childbirth, you must notify your employer about the child’s predicted birth date and the mother’s name and personal identification code.
  • If you use the paternal leave after the birth, you must notify your employer about the child’s name and personal identification code.

The employer shall calculate the paternal leave pay based on your average income during the past six months. The paternal leave pay compensation limit is three times the average Estonian gross salary that was effective two quarters before the quarter during which the leave is used. The average gross salary data is available at the home page of Statistics Estonia.

The employer must pay your leave pay on the last but one working day before the beginning of the leave or at another time, but not later than on the salary day following the leave.

If the father works for several employers, he can use the paternal leave at these employers simultaneously.

More information about paternal leave can be found on the website of the Social Insurance Board.

If you have any questions, call the information line of the Social Insurance Board at 16106 or (+372) 612 1360 or write an e-mail to

Last amended: 19-05-2017 00:00 | Compiled by: Social Insurance Board