Product safety

The Health Board verifies the safety of consumer goods and services.

Safety of cosmetic products

The Health Board verifies the safety of cosmetic products and their compliance with requirements at the manufacturer, importer and retail level. The Consumer Protection Board monitors the labelling of goods at retail. The manufacturer and importer of cosmetic products are responsible for the safety and correct labelling of the cosmetics.

A cosmetic product should not damage a person’s health during its whole lifecycle (in case they are handled in the manner and under the conditions prescribed). Regardless, a person may still be allergic to the ingredients in cosmetic products. Consumers need to make sure whether a product is suitable for them before purchasing it.

If damage to health occurs as a result of using a cosmetic product, you should notify one of the followings:

  • manufacturer,
  • distributer (importer),
  • service provider,
  • The Health Board.

To notify the Health Board, fill in a web-based notice. The Health Board examines damage to health or serious undesirable effects (SUEs). If necessary, the Board will ensure that the sale of a dangerous cosmetic product is terminated.

Toy safety

To avoid potential hazards associated with toys, it is important to pay attention to the following:

  • Make sure that a toy, its package or label has a CE marking. With this marking, the manufacturer announces that the toy complies with all the relevant requirements and assumes responsibility for it.
  • See if a toy is age-appropriate for a child. If a toy contains small parts, it is not appropriate for children under the age of three.
  • Check a toy before giving it to a child to ensure that it does not have any loose small parts, sharp edges, long strips, etc.
  • Before giving a toy to a child, remove the packaging and its parts, so they would not cause the child to suffer harm (suffocation).
  • Read the instructions and warnings carefully.

The manufacturer and importer of toys are responsible for their safety and labelling.

The Health Board verifies the safety and compliance with requirements at the manufacturer, importer and wholesale level. The Consumer Protection Board verifies compliance with requirements at the retail level.

Chemical safety

On a daily basis, people are exposed to chemicals mainly by using household or construction chemical products. Careless use of many chemical products, including substances with natural origin, has brought about an increase in allergies.

Chemicals may be corrosive or irritating, cause allergies, cause damage to the respiratory or central nervous system, stimulate the growth of cancerous tumours and long-term exposure to chemicals may cause problems with fertility and other health problems that may become apparent after many years. The purpose of providing information about chemical products on their packaging is to inform customers about all of the hazards associated with the products and give instructions for the safe use of the products. To avoid accidents and prevent damage to health, it is important to use chemicals according to the instructions provided on their packages.

Household chemicals include washing and cleaning preparations, maintenance products, mood-creating household chemical products, pest control agents, etc., used in household. Construction chemicals include all kinds of adhesives, spatulas, mixtures, wood preservatives, waxes, etc.

Biocides are substances or preparations that are used with the intention of destroying, deterring, rendering harmless, preventing the action of, or otherwise exerting a controlling effect on any harmful organism. Biocides are always chemical substances – mouse traps, mole traps and other mechanical devices are not considered biocides.

When at a store, you should make sure that the packaging of a biocide is intact and provides information in Estonian. As biocides are, first and foremost, meant for destroying certain organisms, they need to be handled with extreme caution and their instructions must be followed.

Detergents are substances or preparations that contain soaps and/or other surfactants intended for washing and cleaning processes. Detergents may be in any form (liquid, powder, paste, bar etc.). In addition to regular washing and cleaning preparations, detergents also include preparations intended for soaking, rinsing and bleaching, laundry fabric softeners, etc.

Before buying a detergent, determine on which materials it is going to be used. The composition of many universal detergents, degreasers, descaling agents, etc., is not suitable for use on certain materials. The packaging of products must provide information in Estonian and instructions must be followed when using the products. If an accident occurs upon using chemicals, get help from the Poisoning Information Centre by calling at 16662.

Last amended: 01-06-2016 00:00 | Compiled by: Health Board