Land reform

The supervision, coordination and control of the execution of land reform is one of the tasks of the Land Board. The actual implementers of land reform are local governments and county governments.

The land reform in Estonia started in 1991 and is based on the Land Reform Act that entered into force on November 1 in 1991. The objective of land reform was to transform relations based on state ownership of land into relations primarily based on private ownership of land considering both the rights of former owners and the interest of land users. The aim was also to create preconditions for a more effective land use.

As of the beginning of 2015, the land reform has been completed on 96% of Estonia’s territory. A more detailed statistics of land reform is available on the Land Board’s homepage and in the Land Board’s Geoportal.

The land reform laid ground for the emerging of land market, which in its turn is one of the foundations of market economy. It can be said that the real estate market, which emerged as the result of land reform, has had a considerable effect on the economic development of Estonia.

Compiled by: Republic of Estonia Land Board