Activity licence for the handling of civilian weapons

An activity licence for the handling of civilian weapons is required for the following areas of activity:

  • sale of weapons, essential components of firearms, firearm accessories or ammunition;
  • manufacture of weapons, essential components of firearms, firearm accessories or ammunition;
  • conversion and repair of weapons as a service;
  • use of a firing range or field firing range for the provision of fee‑charging services;
  • rental of weapons as a service at a firing range;
  • storage of weapons and ammunition as a service;
  • manufacture and conversion of gas sprays and pneumatic weapons.

Activity licences in the areas of activity related to civilian weapons are regulated by

Requirements for an applicant

An activity licence is issued to an undertaking if they meet the following requirements:

  • it is a citizen with active legal capacity of a country in the European Economic Area or a legal personality established in a country in the European Economic Area;
  • the person responsible for the weapons and ammunition meets the requirements of sections 38 (i.e. is a citizen of a Member State of the European Union, is of at least 21 years of age, and holds a valid weapon permit or a permit to carry a weapon) and 39 of the Weapons Act;
  • upon applying for an activity licence for operating a firing range or a field firing range, the firing range or the field firing range complies with health, environmental protection, and fire safety requirements;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality has not been punished for a crime against the state, with the exception of the crimes provided in sections 245, 247, and 249 of the Penal Code, or crimes against humanity or international security, regardless of whether the information concerning punishment has been deleted from the criminal records database;
  • there is no reason to believe that its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality has committed a crime against humanity or a war crime;
  • there is no reason to believe that its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality belongs to a criminal organisation or a terrorist association, or that they have committed or are likely to commit a terrorist crime, or that they are involved in the financing or support of a terrorist offence or money laundering;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality is not a fugitive, suspect, or accused of fraud or professional, money laundering, or tax offence, or of committing a crime related to explosive substances, pyrotechnic articles, firearms, or ammunition, and they do not have a criminal record for said offences;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality does not have a criminal record for a drug offence;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality does not have a criminal record for professional, money laundering, or tax misdemeanour or a misdemeanour related to explosive substances, pyrotechnic articles, firearms, or ammunition;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality does not have a criminal record for a criminal offence for which they were sentenced to more than one year of imprisonment;
  • its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality has not been repeatedly sanctioned for crimes;
  • there is no reason to believe that its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality has received special training for committing landing operations or diversion or sabotage or other specialist training, during which they acquired knowledge and skills that they can immediately implement in the construction or training of illegal armed units;
  • there is no reason to believe that its shareholder, a member of its supervisory board or management board, or another person having dominant control over the management of the legal personality may endanger the security of the Republic of Estonia.

Collecting data with a covert investigation and making an inquiry to an electronic communications undertaking

  • The police can, with the written consent of the applicant, collect personal data about them with the covert investigation specified in subsection 126’3 (1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure and with an inquiry to an electronic communications undertaking regarding the data provided in subsections 111’1 (2) and (3) of the Electronic Communications Act, if it is necessary for making a decision on the issuing of an activity licence.
  • The person is notified of the covert investigation carried out on them after the decision has been made and if they wish, the data collected during the investigation will be introduced to them.

Cross border operation

If an undertaking has been founded in another Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement and holds an activity licence issued there, but wishes to render services related to civilian weapons and ammunition also in Estonia, the undertaking must apply for an activity licence under the terms specified in these guidelines.

For information regarding operating in another Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement, contact the Point of Single Contact of the country in question via EUGO.

Completing and submitting an application

In addition to the information provided for in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act, an application for an activity licence must include the following information and documents:

  • a list of partners and shareholders who hold over 5 % of the share capital in the company applying for the activity licence, and a list of the members of the management board and supervisory board of the company which sets out the given name, surname, personal identification code or in the absence thereof date of birth, and residence of natural persons;
  • the full name, seat and commercial registry code of the legal person;
  • information concerning the person responsible and his or her substitute (given name, surname, personal identification code or in the absence thereof date of birth, residence and telephone number);
  • certification, containing the given name, surname, personal identification code, residence, position and telephone number of the person responsible and his or her substitute, and information certifying that they have passed the corresponding examination;
  • the list of employees who are involved in handling weapons and ammunition, which sets out their given name, surname, residence and personal identification code or in the absence thereof date of birth;
  • the address and telephone number of the weapons storage room and the means used in order to ensure the security and guarding of the room, or a copy of a contract for the rental of a weapons storage room entered into for the period of validity of the activity licence;
  • state fee payment receipt.

When applying for an activity licence for operating a firing range or a field firing range, the following documents must be annexed to the application for the activity licence:

  • a noise measurement report;
  • the layout and perspective view.

Options for submitting an activity licence application:

Payment of the state fee

Applying for an activity licence in the fields related to weapons and ammunition requires the payment of a state fee in the amount of 260 euros to the bank account of the Ministry of Finance, using the reference number 2900082472.

  • SEB – EE891010220034796011
  • Swedbank – EE932200221023778606
  • Danske Bank – EE403300333416110002
  • Luminor Bank – EE701700017001577198

The explanation on the payment order should say “Politsei‑ ja Piirivalveamet” and the name of the undertaking for whose activity licence the state fee is paid.

Processing an application

The police check whether the activity licence applicant, application and accompanying documents are in compliance with the Weapons Act, and where necessary, requests additional documentation and establishes the circumstances that play a significant role in granting or denying an activity licence.

The Police and Border Guard Board decides on granting or denying an activity licence within one month after the receipt of the application. If the application has deficiencies, the applicant is contacted on the next working day following the day of detecting the deficiency. If the applicant fails to submit the required information on time, the Police and Border Guard Board may decide not to adjudicate the application.

In adjudicating an application for an activity licence, the principle of entry into force of an activity licence by default provided for in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act is not applied.

An activity licence is issued for the term of one to five years or for the duration of the performance of a temporary obligation or duty if it takes less than a year.

Modifying the terms of an activity licence

If an undertaking wishes to modify the circumstances regarding the subject of review or secondary conditions, it must submit an application to modify an activity licence at least 30 days before the planned modification.

An application to modify an activity licence may be submitted using the same procedure as with an application for activity licence.

Suspending an activity licence and ceasing economic activities

If an undertaking wishes to cease activities under the Weapons Act, it must submit a corresponding application, whereafter the Police and Border Guard Board revokes an activity licence or suspends it for the period requested.

The weapons and ammunition in the possession of the holder of an activity licence at the time of the suspension of the activity licence are deposited with the police, or the security and guarding of the weapons and ammunition is ensured until the end of the period of suspension of the activity licence.

Weapons and ammunition are deposited, transported, stored, guarded, protected and returned at the expense of the holder of the activity licence.

Revoking an activity licence

An activity licence is revoked on the following bases:

  • when applying for an activity licence, an undertaking has intentionally submitted incorrect information, which affected the grant of the licence, and had it not been submitted, the activity licence would have been denied;
  • ceasing economic activities;
  • a relevant prohibition on economic activities imposed by a court judgment or arising from law in a relevant area of activity in respect of an undertaking, except for a prohibition on economic activities imposed pursuant to the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act.

An activity licence** may be revoked** on the following bases:

  • failure to commence economic activities within two years after the issue of the activity licence or failure to pursue economic activities within two years, and in the case of provision of services of general interest, failure to commence economic activities within 12 months after the issue of the activity licence or failure to pursue economic activities within 12 months or failure to commence economic activities within the term prescribed by a secondary condition of the activity licence;
  • material violation of an economic activity requirement or a secondary condition of the activity licence;
  • significant damage or danger caused to public order by the activity permitted by the activity licence, which did not exist or was not known at the time of granting the activity licence and which overrides the interest of the undertaking in continuing the activity and which cannot be eliminated by amendment of the activity licence;
  • modification of the secondary conditions of the activity licence.

The weapons and ammunition in the possession of the holder of an activity licence at the time of the revocation of the activity licence are deposited with the police, or the proper security and guarding of the weapons and ammunition are ensured until the weapons and ammunition are transferred or destroyed pursuant to the procedure established by the Weapons Act.

Weapons and ammunition are deposited, transported, stored, guarded, protected and returned at the expense of the holder of the activity licence.

Supervision

State supervision over the handling of weapons, components of firearms and ammunition whose use is permitted for civilian purposes is exercised by the Police and Border Guard Board. Supervision over the legality of the import, export and conveyance of weapons and ammunition is exercised by the Tax and Customs Board.

The Police and Border Guard Board inspects the legality of the weapons and ammunition related activities of the holders of activity licences at least twice a year. Other offices and authorities may be involved in inspections as necessary.

The inspection results are drawn up in a report, one copy of which is given to the holder of the activity licence and the other remains with the person who conducts the inspection.

Contact details

For further information on applying for an activity licence under the Weapons Act:

North Prefecture

Riita Proosa, tel +372 612 4427, e‑mail: riita.proosa@politsei.ee

Annika Lepamaa,+ 372 612 4455, e‑mail: annika.lepamaa@politsei.ee

South Prefecture

Liivika Suiste, tel: +372 730 8835, +372 5866 7739 e‑mail: liivika.suiste@politsei.ee

East Prefecture

Gerli Lehtlaan, tel: +372 337 2323, e‑mail: gerli.lehtlaan@politsei.ee

Nadežda Palmits, tel: +372 357 6038, e‑mail: nadezda.palmits@politsei.ee

West Prefecture

Külli Veber, tel: +372 449 0972, +372 5303 9812, e‑mail: kylli.veber@politsei.ee

Last amended: 19-07-2018 13:21 | Compiled by: Police and Border Guard Board