A pedestrian is a person using the road for participating in traffic:
- On foot or in a wheelchair
- On a skateboard
- On roller skates
- On skis
- On a scooter
- On a sled.
No person is allowed to place equipment or materials on a walkway or on a road shoulder so that it endangers or unreasonably hinders the movement of pedestrians, especially elder people and disabled persons.
- shall use pavements or parts of roads designated for pedestrian use;
- shall not obstruct vehicular traffic or create traffic hazards;
- walking on roads in built-up areas on urban roads must move on pavements or, in case there are none, on shoulders.
- In case there are no pavements or shoulders or they are unsuitable for walking, pedestrians may walk only near the edge of the road without obstructing vehicular traffic.
Although a pedestrian sees a car with lights from a distance, a driver distinguishes a pedestrian without a reflex reflector in the car’s dipped beam only from a distance of 30 metres. The braking distance of a car driving 90 km/h is at least twice as long as that and thus a driver cannot avoid hitting the suddenly appearing pedestrian.
A proper reflex reflector can be noticed in the car’s dipped beam already from a 130-150 metre distance which gives the driver ample time to slow down and pass the pedestrian safely.
The Traffic Code requires pedestrians to walk on the left shoulder of a highway and use a reflex reflector in the dark. It is recommended to wear a reflex reflector at the approximate height of car’s lights - 50-80 cm from the ground. A reflex reflector must be seen from all sides. If only one reflector is used, it shall be on the side of the road. A reflex reflector is necessary for an adult and a child, a pedestrian and a cyclist.