Right to drive a bicycle, moped and small moped
A bicycle can be driven by a person who is at least 16 years old. A driving licence to operate a bicycle or a small moped and equivalent vehicles is not required from a person who is at least 16 years old. Driving a moped requires a driver’s licence.
A child of at least 10 years of age can independently ride a bicycle, but with the parent’s supervision, a child who is 8 years old is also allowed to ride. In this case, the child does not need a driving licence. A cyclist who is 10-15 years old shal carry a bicycle driver’s licence. At the same time, a child without a bicycle driving licence cannot ride independently on a bicycle lane that is marked on the side of the road, this is suitable only for driving small mopeds and mopeds. Riding a bicycle without a driving licence is allowed on a cycle track, a cycle track walkway and in a calm traffic area.
A moped can be driven by a person who is at least 14 years old and holds a AM-category driver’s licence or any other category.
**NB! **Starting from 01 July 2011, all moped drivers are required to have completed a traffic safety course in a driving school, and to participate in traffic, they are required to have a driving licence certifying the right to drive a moped or a vehicle of another category.
A small moped can be driven by a person who is at least 14 years old. A small moped has a lower capacity engine compared to mopeds. A small moped driver of the age 14-15 needs to hold and carry a bicycle driver’s licence. From the age of 16 this is no longer required.
Mopeds have to be registered and the evhicles must have national plates. Mopeds are required to have motor third party liability insurance.
Obligatory equipment for bicycles and mopeds include:
- working brakes and a bell
- a white reflector in the front and a red one in the back
- at least one yellow or white reflector on each side of both wheels
- at night-time or in poor visibility a white light on the front and red at the rear.
Requirements for road use
The driver of a bicycle, small moped or a moped is not allowed to drive on the pavement, excluding:
- a cyclist who is less than 13 years old and has up to two escorts;
- a cyclist transporting a child under the age of three years in a bicycle chair;
- a cyclist, if riding on carriageway is extremely impracticable due to road condition.
For the purpose of riding a bicycle, cycle tracks, cycle track walkways and bicycle lines marked on carriageways exist. A bicycle can be driven on a walkway when located on its right side. This requirement presupposes riding in one row one after the other. Riding on a longitudinal verge is also allowed. Riding on a carriageway is allowed if there is an independent road for riding a bicycle parallel to the carriageway but it its condition is not good enough for riding a bicycle.
A small moped can be driven on a carriageway, when located on its right side (excluding left or U-turns). A small moped can also be driven on a cycle track and on a bicycle lane marked on a carriageway. A small moped must not be driven on roads that are meant for pedestrian use (pavements, walkways, cycle track walkways).
16-year-old children are required to wear a bicycle helmet when riding a bicycle or a small moped both as a driver and as a passenger. The requirement to wear a helmet applies to both children who ride a bicycle on a carriageway as well as those who ride a bicycle on a cycle track, a cycle track walkway, a walkway or a pavement. Children under 3 years old who ride in a bicycle seat or in a bicycle trailer are also required to wear a helmet. Moped drivers and moped passengers are required to wear a biker’s helmet.