Holiday and additional holiday
The general national standard for the working time of employees is 8 hours per day, 40 hours per week. Employees who have worked at least six months during their first working year have the right to receive a holiday in proportion to the number of months worked. This means that half a year after the commencement of work one shall receive half of the prescribed holiday. Regardless of the amount of time worked, minors, women before or after pregnancy leave or maternity leave and employees who are partially incapacitated for work due to a work-related injury have the right to receive a holiday in full.
An employer is required to grant a holiday at the time requested by the employee to:
- a woman immediately before and after pregnancy leave or maternity leave or immediately after parental leave;
- a man immediately after a parental leave or during pregnancy leave or maternity leave of his wife;
- a parent raising a child of up to 7 years of age;
- a parent raising a child of between 7 and 10 years of age, during a school holiday of the child;
- a minor.
If the holidays have not been used upon the termination of an employment contract or a service relationship, the employer shall pay the employee monetary compensation for unused holidays, but for not more than a total of four years’ unused holidays.
Annual holiday and additional holiday
The duration of an annual holiday shall be specified in an employment contract and usually it is 28 calendar days. The annual holiday of an employee who works part-time shall be of the same duration as the annual holiday of a full-time employee. Employers shall pay employees holiday pay for annual holiday.
An extended annual holiday shall be granted to:
- minors – 35 calendar days;
- persons who are granted a pension for incapacity for work or the national pension – 35 calendar days;
- state officials and local government officials – 35 calendar days;
- pedagogical specialists and scientific staff up to 56 calendar days;
- pedagogical specialists of medical institutions, social welfare institutions and children’s sanatoriums up to 56 calendar days.
Holiday without pay
An employee may apply for holiday without pay, if necessary. For this an application shall be submitted to an employer, which would specify also the duration of the holiday applied for. Holiday may be granted only by agreement of an employer and an employee. At the request of an employee, the employer is required to grant a holiday without pay to an employee for taking the state examinations of an upper secondary school or the entrance examinations of a vocational educational institution, institution of applied higher education or a university. Holidays shall be granted on the basis of a statement from the educational institution for the time indicated therein.