Välisminister Sven Mikser arutas eile Brüsselis koos NATO kolleegidega koostööd Euroopa Liiduga, stabiilsuse tagamist NATO lähinaabruses, üleatlandilist julgeolekuolukorda ning suhteid Venemaaga.
Alliansi välisministrid keskendusid koos ELi välispoliitika kõrge esindaja Frederica Mogherini ja Soome ning Rootsi välisministriga toimunud arutelul NATO ja ELi suhete tihendamisele. „NATO ja Euroopa Liidu koostöö eesmärk on eelkõige aidata kaasa kodanike turvalisuse ja heaolu tagamisele ja ühiste väärtuste kaitsele. Selleks otsustati tihendada organisatsioonide vahelist praktilist koostööd, et üheskoos võidelda kõigi ohtudega ning vajadusel reageerida kiiresti kriisidele. Koostöö süvendamine tugevdab Euroopa julgeolekut ja euroatlantilist sidet laiemalt,“ sõnas välisminister Mikser.
NATO ja EL otsustasid tugevdada strateegilist partnerlust hübriidohtude vastu võitlemisel; operatiivses koostöös, sealhulgas merelises koostöös; küberjulgeoleku ja –kaitse alal; võimearenduses; kaitsetööstuses ja teadus- ning arendustegevuses; õppustes ning kaitse ja julgeoleku võimekuse suurendamises.
Rääkides tegevustest stabiilsuse levitamisel NATO lähinaabruses rõhutasid välisministrid, et see on osa kollektiivsest julgeolekust. NATO toetab partnerite kaitsevõimet väljaõppe ja nõustamisega. Eesti panustab rahvusvahelistesse sõjalistesse operatsioonidesse ja missioonidesse Afganistanis, Liibanonis, Palestiinas, Malis ning nüüd ka Iraagis.
Põhja-Atlandi Nõukogu välisministrid arutasid eile õhtul ka transatlantilist julgeolekut ning alliansi suhteid Venemaaga. Välisminister Sven Mikser rõhutas, et praeguses julgeolekuolukorras on transatlantiline suhtlus ja NATO-ELi koostöö üha olulisem.
„Lähiaastatel ei ole ette näha suhete normaliseerumist Venemaaga, kuniks Venemaa jätkab agressiivset käitumist naabrite suhtes ning ei täida rahvusvahelist õigust ja kohustusi,” sõnas Mikser. Välisminister lisas, et kuigi NATO praktiline sõjaline ja poliitiline koostöö Venemaaga on peatatud, ei välista see poliitilise dialoogi pidamist olulistes küsimustes.
NATO välisministrite kohtumine toimub 6.-7. detsembrini Brüsselis.
välisministeeriumi avalike suhete osakond
The reserve units that were called-up to participate in short notice exercise were manned and combat ready, which once again confirms the smooth functioning of Estonia’s reserve army system, said Minster of Defence Margus Tsahkna.
“I received a report from the Defence Forces indicating that all reserve units called into service have been manned to the extent prescribed and have reached combat readiness. Eighty-eight per cent of the positions in the units called-up for additional training were filled,” said Minister of Defence Tsahkna. “I can therefore confirm that Estonia’s national defence chain of command functions efficiently from the Government of the Republic all the way to the reservist. The short notice exercise was a success story for the Defence Forces.”
According to Minister of Defence Tsahkna, the realistic and functioning reserve army system relies upon motivated reservists.
“I thank all servicemen and members of the Defence League who, in spite of the short notice, were ready to contribute to the national defence,” said Tsahkna. “Our functioning national defence is based on the awareness and motivation of reservists to be ready to defend Estonia at a moment’s notice.”
With its order issued on Thursday, the Government of the Republic decided on additional training for reservists during the period 2-5 December. The Estonian Defence Forces called-up a company sized Defence League unit and a company sized Signals and Headquarters Battalion unit to the short notice exercise “Okas” (Quill).
The National Defence Act, which entered into force this year, reflects Estonia’s national defence principles and provides the opportunity to quickly call-up reservists within 24 hours.
Today largest NATO multinational cyber defence exercise, “Cyber Coalition 2016” concluded at the Alliance’s Cyber Range in Tartu, Estonia and at locations in participating nations.The three-day training event tested the NATO’s ability to defend its networks from the various challenges that exist when operating in the contested cyber domain.
“This is the only NATO cyber defence exercise which specifically engages national agencies, military and civilian authorities in response to cyber incidents,” Exercise Director Commander, U.S. Navy Rob Hoar said. “This year the NATO Cyber Range was used to simulate national SCADA systems that have been compromised. The nations must work together to identify the threat and mitigate its impact before it impacts their national systems. We also focused on non-traditional mobile devices that may be prone to compromise, like smart watches and televisions.”
The exercise involved over 700 technical, legal, government and cyber experts operating from dozens of locations from across the Alliance and partner nations. The aim of the exercise is to test the rapid sharing of information about cyber incidents. The drill also tests the ability of the participating nations to coordinate a defence against a series of targeted cyber incidents involving a NATO mission network. “There is no one member of NATO that is as strong on its own as we are all together. The exercise allows nations to practice their procedures and observe best practices from other NATO members and select Partner Nations in order to improve their own capabilities,” Commander Hoar added.
This is the fourth time Estonia hosts the exercise. The aim is to drill procedures and rapid coordination between national experts in their ability to handle a series of scenarios that increase in complexity during the exercise. Using a controlled virtual environment all participants are presented with storylines which involve specific technical challenges such as smart watches and TVs or the hacking of specific networks.
Representatives from seven Partner Nations and European Union either participated or observed, including Austria, Georgia Ireland, Japan, Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland. This year Algeria took part for the first time. Cyber defence staff from the European Union and representatives from academia and industry were also invited.
At this year´s Warsaw NATO Summit, Allies recognized cyberspace as a domain of operations in which Alliance must defend itself as effectively as it does in the air, on land, and at sea. In the previous summit Allies also agreed that cyber-attacks can reach a threshold that threatens national and Euro-Atlantic prosperity, security, and stability. Their impact could be as harmful to modern societies as a conventional attack.
“Cyber Coalition 2016” was the ninth such annual exercise.
Minister of Defence Mr. Margus Tsahkna met in Tallinn with the Chief of the General Staff and Сommander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Viktor Muzhenko and confirmed Estonia’s steadfast support for Ukraine.
General Muzhenko gave Minister of Defence Margus Tsahkna a thorough overview of the situation in Ukraine.
“Estonia steadfastly supports the efforts of the international community to protect Ukraine's sovereignty and restore its territorial integrity," said Minister Tsahkna.
According to Tsahkna, a prerequisite for the easing of sanctions against Russia is the return of Russia to the commonly recognised principles of international law.
Defence related cooperation between Estonia and Ukraine has been fruitful and beneficial for both parties. Estonia will continue to support Ukraine in all current areas, of which the most important are currently the training of Ukrainian special forces, battlefield medicine, and rehabilitation related cooperation.